Health is a state of full mental, physical and emotional well being where infirmity and illness are absent. A happy and healthy life entails complete physical and mental health. Mental health refers to the ability to live independently and cope with life’s challenges. Mental wellness therefore, comprises a person’s capacity to understand, manage and apply information, memory, reasoning and learning; as well as to attain goals, interact socially and make decisions in a safe and effective manner.
In the United States, poor mental health has become an epidemic. One in six adults nationwide suffers from some form of mental illness, according to national surveys. The condition is most prevalent among people aged 45 and above, but it can strike at any age. The high cost of health care, coupled with the lack of early diagnosis and treatment, makes it all the more important for individuals to develop good coping mechanisms as well as early prevention practices for optimal mental health.
Developing public health education about mental disorders and their causes is necessary to reduce the number of people who suffer from these diseases. Fortunately, advances in health science have produced many effective treatments. The National Institute of Mental Health has a division devoted to mental illnesses. The NIMH establishes the foundation for research, prevention and treatment of mental disorders. Among its many achievements, the NIMH has developed a list of seven common diseases and their treatments.
Occupational asthma is a common disorder affecting workers in the construction industry. Asbestos fibers used in many building materials cause the condition. The NIMH has advised workers to wear safety goggles and to use appropriate respiratory protection. Studies have shown that improved ventilation can improve the worker’s overall health and well-being. Studies have also indicated that improving occupational air quality can prevent cases of mesothelioma, the most common cause of occupational asthma.
Occupational Myocardial Disease (OMD) is caused by high blood pressure, which in turn leads to heart attacks. It usually occurs in people working in industries that expose them to repetitively high levels of energy, such as mining, construction, and manufacturing. A study conducted by the NIMH showed that women miners had the highest rate of OME. Another disease that these studies have shown to be prevalent in the workplace is heart disease; however, there are many other occupational diseases that could lead to a heart attack, such as heart failure, peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD), and high blood cholesterol.
The third main article refers to the increasing incidence of depression in today’s work environment. It has been shown that because of the increased demands placed on employees, working with low morale, stress, anxiety, and poor attitudes is leading to an increase in depression. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there has been a significant increase in the rate of depression in recent years among non-workplace persons. This has been connected to several factors, such as job dissatisfaction, the death of a loved one, and other life events.
The fourth main article talks about the growing number of mental disorders that are being diagnosed and treated in the United States. Among the many mental illnesses being treated today are Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety. These diseases are commonly found in persons who are under tremendous psychological strain, including individuals who are unemployed and/or unemployed due to a death in the family or on the job.
The fifth and final article discusses the rising cases of disability compensation claims filed against employers because of health problems. Disability compensation protects employees who have experienced occupational health problems while at work. Over the last few years, the number of disability compensation claims filed has been steadily increasing in the United States.